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Two Different Conditions of Osteoporosis and Arthritis
Many people are confused between osteoporosis and certain types of arthritis. So, in this article, we will discuss the differences and similarities between these two conditions.
Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bone becomes less dense and can lead to fracture. The risks of osteoporosis are higher due to low bone mass. In this condition, there can be a loss of bone tissue which will leave the bones less dense and prone to fracture. This, in turn, will lead to severe back pain, loss of height, and change in posture. It can also lead to impairing a person’s ability to walk and can also lead to permanent or prolonged disability.
The risk factors that promote osteoporosis are:
1. Short stature or thinness
2. Family history on this particular disease
3. Being post-menopausal and in particular having a previous menopause
4. Abnormal absence of the menstrual cycle (amenorrhea)
5. Prolonged use of certain medications such as those used to treat lupus, asthma, thyroid deficiency, and seizures
6. Low Calcium Intake
7. Lack of physical activity
9. Excessive alcohol consumption
Osteoporosis is also known as one of the silent diseases because it can progress undetected for many years without symptoms until a fracture occurs. It is diagnosed by a bone mineral density test which is painless and the surest way to detect low bone density.
Since there is no cure for this disease, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has accepted several drugs to treat and prevent osteoporosis. In addition, a diet rich in vitamin D and calcium, regular weight-bearing exercises and a healthy lifestyle can lessen or avoid the effects of the disease.
Arthritis is a commonly used term for conditions that affect surrounding tissues and joints. Joints are the places in a body where the bones come together in unison, such as the knees, fingers, toes, wrists, and hips. The two types of arthritis are:
A) Osteoarthritis (OA): It is a painful and degenerative joint disease that frequently affects the lower back, neck, knees, hip or small joints of the hands. Osteoarthritis develops in joints that are injured by repeated overuse of a particular task or sport or carrying excess weight. Finally, this repeated injury or impact wears or pulls things away from the cartilage that protects the ends of the bones in the joint. As in another finding, the bones rub against each other, causing a grinding sensation. Joint flexibility is reduced, bone spurs begin to develop, and joints swell. The initial symptom of osteoarthritis is pain that worsens after exercise or immobility. Treatment includes painkillers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, topical creams, proper exercises, physical therapy, joint splint, or joint replacement surgery for large, severely damaged joints, such as the knees or hip.
B) Rheumatoid arthritis (RA): It is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that affects various joints in the ankles, feet, knees, shoulders, elbows, wrists, thumbs and fingers. In an autoimmune disease, the body releases enzymes that attack its healthy tissue. In rheumatoid arthritis, these enzymes destroy the walls of the joints. It causes malformations, stiffness, swelling, pain, reduced movement and function. People with RA may also have systemic symptoms such as fever, fatigue, eye inflammation, weight loss, anemia, subcutaneous nodules (lumps under the skin) or pleurisy (inflammation of the lungs).
The information in this article is presented for the purpose of educating people. Nothing in this article should be construed or intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of advice from your doctor or other qualified healthcare provider. If you have any health care questions, please call or consult your physician or other qualified health care provider promptly. Always consult your physician or other qualified healthcare professional before embarking on any new treatment, diet, or fitness program.
You should never ignore medical advice or delay seeking it because of something you read in this article.
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#Conditions #Osteoporosis #Arthritis